The main purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of teaching strategies that engage college students who experienced childhood difficulties in learning mathematics in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) in terms of the nature of the classroom learning environment and students satisfaction. In addition, I investigated how the use of personally-relevant and concrete activities changed the learning environment in ways that were perceived to be beneficial by adults who had experienced failure.A sample of 84 students from eight classes in the Higher Colleges of Technology (HCT) were involved. The learning environment was assessed as a pretest and posttest with a modified Arabic version of four scales (Involvement, Task Orientation, Personalisation and Individualisation) from the College and University Classroom Environment Inventory (CUCEI). Satisfaction was measured with a modified Arabic version of this scale from the CUCEI. Moreover, five case studies of students were conducted to assess the learning environment through observations, semi-structured interviews and focus-group interviews and to link qualitative information with the constructs assessed by the CUCEI.
HIV&AIDS Counselling and Testing (HCT) services have for long been seen as an intervention towards HIV prevention. The major objective of this study is to establish the Knowledge and Attitudes of youth towards HCT services in Lira district, Uganda. The study tried to establish the knowledge of the youth on HIV&AIDS and HCT services, to identify the attitudes of the youth towards HCT services and to find out the strategies for improving HCT uptake among the youth. A cross section study design was used to collect quantitative and qualitative data from 112 youth. Quantitative data was collected by the use of semi-structure questionnaire on youth between 15-24 years while qualitative data was obtained using key informant interviews and focus group discussions. The findings show that most youth are knowledgeable about HIV&AIDS and HCT services because they can identify modes of HIV transmission and where to obtain HCT services. Youth in school were more likely to have heard about HIV and AIDS compared to the youth out of school. The study shows that youth have both positive and negative attitudes towards HCT services.
This book on HIV counseling and testing (HCT) is an important resource for HIV prevention and care. The knowledge and acceptance of serostatus can facilitate behavioural change, enable access to strategies to reduce the risk of mother to child transmission of HIV, enable early access to care for HIV-related conditions, and help in making informed decisions about future pregnancies. This study was designed to find out the factors influencing uptake of Human Immuno-deficiency (HIV) counselling and testing (HCT) among pregnant women attending antenatal clinic in Sabon-Gari Comprehensive Health Centre, Zaria, Nigeria. A descriptive cross sectional survey was done. The fear of stigmatization is a factor militating against uptake of HCT. To improve the uptake of HCT services more innovative ethical and practical models of delivery should be developed and adopted. Improved awareness and education will reduce stigmatization of PLWHAS. This book is a must-read for all public health practitioners and maternal health care providers interested in working in Africa and in the tropics. It is also recommended for medical students and nurses who are seeking to broaden their knowledge on HCT.