This book on HIV counseling and testing (HCT) is an important resource for HIV prevention and care. The knowledge and acceptance of serostatus can facilitate behavioural change, enable access to strategies to reduce the risk of mother to child transmission of HIV, enable early access to care for HIV-related conditions, and help in making informed decisions about future pregnancies. This study was designed to find out the factors influencing uptake of Human Immuno-deficiency (HIV) counselling and testing (HCT) among pregnant women attending antenatal clinic in Sabon-Gari Comprehensive Health Centre, Zaria, Nigeria. A descriptive cross sectional survey was done. The fear of stigmatization is a factor militating against uptake of HCT. To improve the uptake of HCT services more innovative ethical and practical models of delivery should be developed and adopted. Improved awareness and education will reduce stigmatization of PLWHAS. This book is a must-read for all public health practitioners and maternal health care providers interested in working in Africa and in the tropics. It is also recommended for medical students and nurses who are seeking to broaden their knowledge on HCT.
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has created an enormous challenge worldwide. Since its recognition, HIV has infected close to 70 million people, and more than 30 million have died due to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). In 2009, around 400,000 children aged under 15 became infected with HIV. Almost all of these infections occurred in low and middle-income countries, and more than 90% were the result of mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) during pregnancy, labour and delivery, or breastfeeding. Without intervention, there is a 20-45% chance that a baby born to an HIV-infected mother will become infected. Prevention of Mother To Child Transmission (PMTCT) of HIV is a key component of overall HIV prevention efforts and represents a critical opportunity for stemming the tide of the HIV epidemic. With current intervention, the risk of mother to child transmission can be reduced to less than 5%. Therefore, transmission of HIV from a pregnant woman to her infant is preventable. HIV Counseling and Testing (HCT) is an important entry point for HIV prevention and for early access to treatment, care and support.
Worldwide, a number of research groups are functioning towards effective treatment of colon cancer using chemotherapeutic agents. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are among the most potent agents discovered for the inhibition of cancer. In spite of the approval of celecoxib for adjuvant therapy in patients with familial adenomatous polyposis and precancerous disease of colon, associations of larger intensity of side effects limit its usage in cancer therapy. Combination therapy provides advantages of reduction in dose and possible reduction in toxicity and acquired drug resistance. As a consequence, targeted drug delivery and targeted molecular therapy of single or combination of anticancer agents are necessary for efficient treatment of colon cancer with reduced toxicity. In our study, combination of celecoxib and AEE788 shows growth inhibition and apoptosis in HCT 15 cells. Further, nanocarrier mediated celecoxib delivery showed high entrapment efficiency, sustained release patterns, desirable hemocompatibility and enhanced cytotoxicity and apoptosis in vitro and in vivo.
Phytic acid is extensively known for its anti-nutritional properties. The wide notion about this compound is to be changed totally. Hence, the study is focused on bringing out its potential as a drug molecule. The knowledge gained by understanding the binding efficacy of phytic acid and its analogues can help in the development of a new lead molecule. The antibacterial studies and cell line studies using HCT-15 confirmed the drugability. The potency of cancer drug targets can also be screened using docking studies. The entire work can bring out an effective lead molecule which maybe subjected to clinical trials. It is hypothesized that phytic acid and its derivatives having one or more of the following chemical functional groups such as the number of phosphates, phospho-diesters, charged phosphates, halogens, heavy atoms, steriocentred atoms, hydoxyl groups, hydrogen donors and acceptors, have an effect on the binding affinity towards the selected targets. Although, there are few reports to suggest the anticancer activity of PA, there is no work on its structure-activity relationship.
Neun Pflegeprodukte in Einem: beseitigt Staub, Schmutz,Insekten, Vogelkot, Teer, Harz, Bremsabrieb, Öl, Fett,Nikotin etc., kraftvolle Reinigung und hohe Material-verträglichkeit, für Außen- und Innenoberflächen(50258)KFZ-Multifunktions-Reiniger 9in1 CLEANERNeun Pflegeprodukte der Spitzenklasse in Einem&bull, QUIXX Hydrophilic-Cleaning-Technology (HCT) für brillanten Tiefenglanz&bull, kraftvolle Reinigung und hohe Materialverträglichkeit&bull, schnelle, einfache und bequeme Anwendung&bull, Lieferumfang: Multifunktions-Reiniger 9in1 CLEANER, 3 Spezialschwämme, 1 hochwertiges Mikrofasertuch Anwendungsbeispiele: - zur Reinigung von fast allenäußeren und inneren Oberfläche des Fahrzeuges- beseitigt einfach Staub, Schmutz, Insekten, Vogel Kot, Teer, Harz, Bremsabrieb,Öl, Fet, Nikotin, etc.
Der Höfner Shorty Bass bietet eine Full-Scale-Mensur bei allerkleinsten Abmessungen: damit ist der Bass überall dabei. Der Shorty Bass HCT-SHB-BK in schwarz hat eine 76cm (30") Mensur und einen normalbreiten Hals. Um den Shorty unterwegs immer dabei zu haben, gehört auch ein passendes Gigbag zum Lieferumfang. · Bauart: Solid Body · Farbe: Black · Halskonstruktion: verschraubt · Mensur: Shortscale · Mensur: 30" (76,20 cm) · Hals: Ahorn (Maple) · Griffbrett: Palisander (Rosewood) · Griffbrett Einlagen: Dot Inlays · Bundanzahl: 24 · Saitenanzahl: 4-saitig · Pickuptyp: Humbucker · Hardware: Nickel · Lieferumfang: Gigbag · Produktionsland: China E-Bass
This comprehensive book thoroughly addresses all aspects of health care transition of adolescents and young adults with chronic illness or disability, and includes the framework, tools and case-based examples needed to develop and evaluate a Health Care Transition (HCT) planning program that can be implemented regardless of a patient's disease or disability. Health Care Transition: Building a Program for Adolescents and Young Adults with Chronic Illness and Disability is a uniquely inclusive resource, incorporating youth/young adult, caregiver, and pediatric and adult provider voices and perspectives.Part I of the book opens by defining Health Care Transition, describing the urgent need for comprehensive transition planning, barriers to HCT and then offering a framework for developing and evaluating health care transition programs. Part II focuses on the anatomic and neuro-chemical changes that occur in the brain during adolescence and young adulthood, and how they affect function and behavior. Part III covers the perspectives of important participants in the HCT transition process - youth and young adults, caregivers, and both pediatric and adult providers. Each chapter in Part IV addresses a unique aspect of developing HCT programs. Part V explores various examples of successful transition from the perspective of five key participants in the transition process - patients, caregivers, pediatric providers, adult providers and third party payers. Related financial matters are covered in part VI, while Part VII explores special issues such as HCT and the medical home, international perspectives, and potential legal issues. Models of HCT programs are presented in Part VIII, utilizing an example case study.Representing perspectives from over 75 authors and more than 100 medical centers in North America and Europe, Health Care Transition: Building a Program for Adolescents and Young Adults with Chronic Illness and Disability is an ideal resource for any clinician, policy maker, caregiver, or hospitalist working with youth in transition.
This book examines the effect of prior attendance of preschool on literacy competencies of school going children as they progress to later grades. Relying on the human capital (HCT) and social justice theories, the book provides vital information for researchers in reading and demonstrates whether investment in quality preschool experiences is a worthwhile venture. Important policy considerations are also elucidated. Moreover, evaluation experts planning for baseline, mid-term or end-line evaluations in literacy will find this an essential resource.
This research work was carried out to establish scientific based evidence on folkloric usage and knowledge. The aim of this work is Pharmacological evaluation of Melochia corchorifolia leaves (folkloric) for antioxidant, diuretic, antiurolithiatic, anticancer, antibacterial and anthelmintic activities. In this regard, Melochia corchorifolia leaves were extracted with chloroform and ethylalcohol. The obtained extracts were used for pharmacological activities, the antioxidant activity results, the extracts and its Phenolic content shows good averting activity. Diuretic and saluretic activity is due to altering renal sodium excretion.The antiurolithiatic activity may be due to the presence of secondary metabolites of the extract.The extracts produced good anticancer activity on HCT-116 cell line and MCF-07 cancer cell lines. The chloroform extracts of Melochia corchorifolia shows good antibacterial and anthelmintic activities. So it was concluded that this research work supports the folkloric usage of this herbal drug (Melochia corchorifolia) is a potential source for treating various ailments.
Using the Gap Analysis problem-solving framework (Clark & Estes, 2008), this project examined engineering students at Abu Dhabi Colleges at Higher Colleges of Technology (HCT) in the United Arab Emirates. The primary purpose of this project was to identify the knowledge, motivation and organizational causes that prevent graduates from the HCT bachelor of applied science in engineering program from pursuing a masters degree in engineering in order to become faculty. Mixed methods were used to collect survey data from 493 participants and interview data for twenty participants to identify and validate the knowledge and skills, motivation, and organizational solutions that may contribute to the HCT s Emiratisation goal. Findings showed that although students lack factual knowledge, students do not lack motivation in pursuing a master degree. However, the study confirmed their lack of interest in working in an educational environment or pursuing a career as faculty, and it confirmed organizational gap in HCT management. Based on the findings, solutions are offered to address these challenges.
HIV&AIDS Counselling and Testing (HCT) services have for long been seen as an intervention towards HIV prevention. The major objective of this study is to establish the Knowledge and Attitudes of youth towards HCT services in Lira district, Uganda. The study tried to establish the knowledge of the youth on HIV&AIDS and HCT services, to identify the attitudes of the youth towards HCT services and to find out the strategies for improving HCT uptake among the youth. A cross section study design was used to collect quantitative and qualitative data from 112 youth. Quantitative data was collected by the use of semi-structure questionnaire on youth between 15-24 years while qualitative data was obtained using key informant interviews and focus group discussions. The findings show that most youth are knowledgeable about HIV&AIDS and HCT services because they can identify modes of HIV transmission and where to obtain HCT services. Youth in school were more likely to have heard about HIV and AIDS compared to the youth out of school. The study shows that youth have both positive and negative attitudes towards HCT services.